Common Childhood Diseases

Details of the diseases that are immunised against can be found below:-

Polio

A live vaccine given by drops in the mouth. Polio is a viral infection of the intestines that spreads to the nervous system, causing paralysis of the muscles. If the muscles involved are permanently paralysed, the condition may prove fatal. The disease is currently very uncommon in the developed world.

The vaccine is both safe and effective if the course is completed properly.

NOTE: There is a small risk of vaccine associated polio being passed through stools, therefore carers should be up to date on their polio immunisation and should ensure they always wash their hands. Every five years a booster is required.

Hib (Haemophilus Influenza)

This is the most common form of meningitis. It has been virtually eliminated since the introduction of the vaccine in 1992. This vaccine may be given in a single injection, but is more generally mixed with Diphtheria, Tetanus and Whooping Cough.

Diphtheria

Extremely rare disease in the UK, but it prevails in other countries. This is a highly infectious disease that effects breathing and damages the heart.

Tetanus

Germs may be found in soil and dirt which may enter the bloodstream through abrasions in the skin. The disease has been eliminated in young children since the immunisation program began.

Whooping Cough (Pertussis)

So called due to the long bouts of coughing, resulting in “whoops,” for breath. Vomiting may also occur. This is an infectious disease that may be very serious in very young children. Although the vaccine is not 100% successful in preventing the disease, it dramatically reduces the severity of the attack.

Meningitis C

This infection is associated with young people in schools and colleges. The vaccine is relatively new, however it has already reduced the number of cases of this disease.

Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR)

The MMR is a combination of vaccines for the treatment of the aforementioned diseases. Current debate regards adverse reactions to the combined vaccine, however reactions are generally mild. All injections may cause some red areas, colds and snuffles to appear. 10 to 14 days after the MMR vaccine is given, slight mumps or a slight rash may appear. Seek advice from your local doctor or trained staff if any worries or doubts arise.

Measles

This condition is more serious than may be imagined. Usually a rash, fever with painful eyes begin the condition. This may lead to pneumonia, blindness, deafness or brain damage. Combined with the other
two vaccines, the disease has been dramatically reduced. Controversy still occurs however, with studies taking place regarding links to Crohns disease and autism still creating discussion.

Mumps

This is another cause of meningitis in children. Other complications include deafness and inflammation of the ovaries and testes which can cause sterility. The vaccine has caused the disease to plummet.

Rubella

“German Measles,” is a mild disease but it does cause sever complications if contracted by pregnant women. The developing foetus may suffer from birth defects.

Influenza

Children with asthma, diabetes, heart or kidney conditions should be considered for an annual flu injection at the doctors suggestion.